Genus Tyto

Tyto

 

(Billberg) 1828, Synopsis Faunae Scaniviae, 1, pt.2 (AVES), tab.A (Conspectus Classis AVIUM universalis, secundum), page 2.

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Tyto tenebricosa

Sooty Owl

Gould, John. 1845. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (PZS), pt 13, no. 149: p80

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T. t. arfaki

 

(Schlegel) 1879. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 1, p. 101.

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Tyto multipunctata

Lesser Sooty Owl

Mathews, Gregory Macalister. 1912. Novitates Zoologicae (Novit. Zool.) 18: p 257.

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Tyto inexspectata

Minahassa Barn Owl, Minahassa Masked Owl

Schlegel, Herman. 1879. Notes from the Leyden Museum. 1, p. 50, 51.

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Tyto nigrobrunnea

Sula Island Masked Owl, Taliabu Masked Owl

Neumann, Oscar Rudolph. 1939. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club (BBOC) 59: p 89-90.

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Tyto sororcula

Lesser Masked Owl

Sclater, Philip Lutley. 1883. Proceedings of the Scientific meetings of the Zoological Society of London for the year 1883 (PZS). Pt.1, p 52-53.

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T. s. cayelii

 

(Hartert) 1900. Novitates Zoologicae, 7, p. 228.

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Tyto manusi

Manus Masked Owl

Rothschild, Lord Lionel Walter, and Hartert, Ernst Johann. 1914. Novitates Zoologicae (Novit. Zool.; British Museum of Natural History, London) 21: p 291-292.

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Tyto aurantia

New Britain Barn Owl, New Britain Masked Owl

Salvadori, Tomaso. 1881, Atti Reale Accademia della Scienze di Torino, 16, pages 94-95.

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Tyto novaehollandiae

Australian Masked Owl

Stephens, James Francis. 1826. General Zoology, or Systematic Natural History/by George Kearsley Shaw (Gen. Zool.[Shaw]) 13, pt. 2: p 61.

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T. n. calabyi

 

(Mason) 1983. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 103, p. 126.

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T. n. galei

 

(Mathews) 1914. South Austalian Ornithologist, 1, pt. 2, p. 12.

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T. n. kimberli

 

(Mathews) 1912. Novitates Zoologicae, 18, p.257, no. 395.

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T. n. melvillensis

 

(Mathews) 1912. Australian Avian Record, 2, p. 35, no. 394 A.

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Tyto castanops

Tasmanian Masked Owl
Formerly considered a subspecies of Tyto novaehollandiae

Gould, John. 1837. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (1836) (PZS) pt. 4, no. 48: p 140.

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Tyto rosenbergii

Celebes Barn Owl, Sulawesi Masked Owl

Schlegel, Herman. 1866. Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde (Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk.; Amsterdam) 3: p 181-182.

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T. r. pelengensis

 

(Neumann) 1939. Bulletin of the British Ornitologists’ Club, 59, p. 92.

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Tyto soumagnei

Soumagnes Grass Owl, Madagascar Grass Owl, Madagascar Red Owl

Grandidier, Alfred. 1877. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaire des séance de l’académie des Sciences [Paris] (Compt. Rend.) 85: p 1282.

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Tyto alba

Common Barn Owl

Scopoli, Giovanni Antonio. 1769. Annus I-(V) Historio-Naturalis (Annus I Hist. Nat.): p 21-22.

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T. a. guttata

 

(C. L. Brehm) 1831. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte aller Vögel Deutschlands, p 106-107. (“ Rugen, im Winter in Deutschland”).

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T. a. ernesti

 

(Kleinschmidt) 1901. Ornithologische Monatsberichte, 9, p. 168.

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T. a. affinis

 

( Blyth) 1852. Ibis, First series, Vol. 4, p. 387-388.

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T. a. schmitzi

 

(Hartert) 1900. Novitates Zoologicae, 7, p. 534.

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T. a. gracilirostris

 

(Hartert) 1905. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 16, p. 31-32.

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T. a. detorta

 

(Hartert) 1913. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 31, p. 38.

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T. a. thomensis

 

(Hartlaub) 1852. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie pure et appliqué, ser. 2, 4, p. 3.

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T. a. hypermetra

 

(Grote) 1928. Ornithologische Monatsberichte, 36, p. 79.

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T. a. erlangeri

 

(W. L. Sclater) 1921. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 42, p.24

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T. a. stertens

 

(Hartert) 1929. Novitates Zoologicae, 35, p. 98

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T. a. javanica

 

(J. F. Gmelin) 1788. Systema Naturae…edito decimal tertia, 1, pt. 1, p. 295.

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T. a. sumbaensis

 

(Hartert) 1897. Novitates Zoologicae, 4, p. 269-270.

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T. a. delicatula

 

(Gould) 1837, Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, pt.4, No.48 (1836), page 140.

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T. a. meeki

 

(Rothschild & Hartert) 1907. Novitates Zoologicae, 14, p. 446.

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T. a. crassirostris

 

(Mayr) 1935. American Museum Novitates, no.820, p. 3.

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T. a. interposita

 

(Mayr) 1935. American Museum Novitates, no., p.3.ammalia & Ornithology, p. 74.

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T. a. lulu

DNA analysis (as of April 2006) indicates that T.a.lulu is very close to T.a.deliculata from Australia; the genetic distances would not qualify T.a.lulu as a valid subspecies. (M. Wink pers. comm. 27 April 2006).

(Peale) 1848, United States Exploring Expedition, Vol. 8, Mammalia & Ornithology, pages 74-75.

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T. a. pratincola

 

(Bonaparte) 1838. A geographical and comparative list of the birds of Europe and North America, p.7; based on Audubon, 1834, Ornithological Biography, 2, p. 403, pl. 171.

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T. a. lucayana

 

(Riley) 1913. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 26, p. 153-154.

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T. a. furcata

 

(Temminck) 1827. In Temminck & Laugier de Chartrouse, Nouveau recueil de planches coloriées d’oiseaux, livr. 73, pl. 432, and text.

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T. a. nigrescens

 

( Lawrence) 1878. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, 1, p. 64-65.

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T. a. insularis

 

(Pelzeln) 1872. Journal fur Ornithologie, 20, p. 23.

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T. a. guatemalae

 

(Ridgway) 1873. Bulletin of the Essex Institute, 5, p. 200.

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T. a. contempta

 

(Hartert) 1898. Novitates Zoologicae, 5, p. 500-501.

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T. a. subandeana

 

(L. Kelso) 1938. Biological Leaflet, no. 9 [not paged].

 

T. a. hellmayri

 

(Griscom & Greenway) 1937. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 81, p. 421.

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T. a. bargei

 

(Hartert) 1892. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’Club, 1, p. 13.

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T. a. tuidara

 

(J. E. Gray) 1829. In E. Griffith (ed.), The Animal Kingdom….by the Baron Cuvier, 6, p. 75.

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T. a. punctatissima

 

(Gould & G.R. Gray, in Gould) 1838, The Zoology of the voyage of HMS Beagle, under the command of Captain Fitzroy, R.N., during the years 1832 to 1836, Part 3, Pl. IV.

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T. a. poensis

 

(Fraser) 1842, Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, pt.10, No.119, pages 189-190.

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T. a. bondi

 

(Parkes & Phillips) 1978. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 47, p. 486-488.

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T. a. niveicauda

 

(Parkes and Phillips) 1978. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 47, p. 483-486.

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Tyto deroepstorffi

Andaman Masked Owl
Formerly considered a subspecies of Tyto alba and originally described as Strix De-Roepstorffi

Hume, Allan Octavian. 1875. Stray Feathers (Str. Feath) 3: p 390-391.

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Tyto glaucops

Ashy-faced Owl, Hispaniolan Barn Owl

Kaup, Johannes Jacob. 1852. Contributions to Ornithology 1848-1852 [Jardine], 6: p 118.

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Tyto capensis

Common Grass Owl, African Grass Owl

Smith, Sir Andrew. 1834. South African Quarterly Journal, Vol. 2, 2nd series, No. 4, part 1, p 317.

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Tyto longimembris

Eastern Grass Owl
Formerly considered to be conspecific with Tyto capensis

Jerdon, Thomas Claverhill. 1839. Madras Journal of Literature and Science ( Madras J. Lit. Sci.; London, Madras) 10: p 86.

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T. l. chinensis

 

(Hartert) 1929. Novitates Zoologicae, 35, p. 104.

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T. l. pithecops

 

(Swinhoe) 1866, Ibis, New series, Vol.2, p 396-397.

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T. l. amauronota

 

(Cabanis) 1872. Journal fur Ornithologie, 20, p. 316.

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T. l. walleri

 

(Diggles) 1865-1876. The Ornithology of Australia, pt. 7 (1866), p. 13.

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T. l. baliem

 

(Ripley) 1964. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 19, p. 37-38.

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T. l. papuensis

 

(Hartert) 1929. Novitates Zoologicae, 35, p. 103.

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Tyto prigoginei

Congo Bay Owl, African Bay Owl, Itombwe Owl
Formerly in genus Phodilus

Schouteden, Henri. 1952. Revue de zoologie et de botanique africaines (Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr.) 46, p 424-428.

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