Department of Phanerogamic Botany
Swedish Museum of Natural History
Shortcuts to Nordic material
The Nordic herbarium has more than 1 million specimens, gathered during the
250 years that have passed since the late 18th century. The material has been collected
in many different places, and is therefore a valuable source
understanding morphological variation within species.
Furthermore, the collections are used to elucidate the
distribution, past and present, of the
various species. Thus floristic changes
can be studied, increasing our knowledge and made available for conservation
include material collected by
Carolus Linnaeus, Pehr Osbeck, Lars Levi Laestadius, Sten Selander, and several others.
All species of vascular
plants, ever to have been found in the Nordic countries, are
presented in a checklist with latin as well as Swedish synonyms,
Nordens kärlväxter' [in swedish].
A presentation of the wild and naturalized species of Sweden are
presented on the Internet in a virtual flora named
'Den virtuella floran'
Except for the main collection,
the Nordic herbarium also have a number of larger,
separate collections that have been
donated to the museum. In due time, these collections will be integrated with the main
collection of Nordic material.
There is also a number
of specimens preserved in alcohol, among others several
collections by Nathorst from Spitsbergen. The entire Nordic material in alcohol is available
in a database, botanical collections in alcohol.
The Nordic herbarium collections have been entered into a
database for some time, the
work is time consuming and has so far been concentrated to material in a number of
separate collections outside of the main collection.
Only a small fraction of the total number of specimens have been entered into a database,
but the number increases continuously.
In the Nordic herbarium, the specimens are ordered geographically by country, and the swedish
material also by landscape. The names of the
in the Nordic countries is presented in a separate list, which is used for the databases.
Registered material is available in two different databases which are updated
as new data is added, the main
collections of the Nordic
herbarium and the
collections of the Nordic
herbarium - specimens/province indicating the number of specimens per landscape.
Type material from the Nordic countries is kept in the
botanical type collection database.
A large number of botanists, professionals as well as amateurs,
visit the herbarium each year to study the collections.
Before visiting the Nordic herbarium, please contact the curator
Latest update: 10 June 2003
Comments on this page:
Comments on the
Swedish Museum of Natural History website