Checklist of Hieracium sect. Hieracium, sect. Vulgata and sect. Tridentata in Sweden
Version 3 [Jan. 2004]
Torbjörn Tyler, Department of Ecology, Plant Ecology and Systematics, Sölvegatan 37, SE-223 62 Lund, Sweden.
This checklist is intended as a nomenclatural rectifier, to give an overview of the distribution of the species and as a basis for future work with nomenclature and typification. All species reported from Sweden and not definitely dismissed by later authors are included. Thus, the fact that a taxon is included here does not mean that it has been accepted by me.
The following information is included:
- Correct name at the rank of species, its correct authority and place of publication (as a reference to to the attached list of publications).
- Basionym ('Bas.'), replaced synonym ('Nom. nov. pro'), and separate original diagnoses ('Descr. orig.'), if any.
- Included taxa of lower rank ('Inkl.'), in bold if their taxonomic value remains uncertain, in plain text if considered of no taxonomic value. (N.B. that varieties accepted at this rank are included as separate entries in the list.) All taxa at the rank of variety and above are included, but many taxa at the rank of forma are omitted since this rank has frequently been used to denote single monstrous specimens only.
- Synonyms ('Syn.') accepted by me, Karl Johansson or Sten Nordenstam. Nomenclaturally invalid names (e.g. 'nom. nud.', 'nom. illeg. superfl.', 'ined.' etc.) are also included if they are to be found in important exsiccata or herbarium collections.
- Distribution ('Utbr.') in the floristic provinces of Sweden, based on available publications and my own knowledge (i.e. not at all complete!). Provinces with more than c. 10 widely distributed occurrences are given in boldface. The Gothenburg area is here included in the province BhG and the floristic province Sm includes also the coastal parts (sometimes segregated as as floristic province of its own, Klm).
- Under the heading 'Typ' information on type material is given. Holotypes and lectotypes are cited if designated (some of the lectotypes are, however, not yet published). Where no type has been designated, an interpretation of the extent of the original material as described in the original diagnoses is given. Type material is indicated for synonyms as well (although not quite completely). If the type material originates from outside Sweden, or is unlikely to reside in any Swedish herbarium, it is usually neglected in this list. Names of collectors ("leg.") are only given if other than the author of the name concerned.
- that this list partly contains yet unpublished material (indicated as 'ined.' or 'msc') which must only be treated as such.
- that, for each epithet, only combinations at the rank of species (and its basionym, if any) are included. In many cases there are numerous additional combinations at lower ranks based on the same basionym that are not mentioned in this list. Names originally not validly and effectively published (e.g. nomina nuda) that have later on been effectively published (with the epithet unaltered) are usually omitted.
- that this list is mainly intended as a basis for further work in this group. Numerous changes and corrections will certainly become necessary as this work proceeds and the responsibility for using information from this list is kept by the user – uncritical usage is not recommended!
Some Swedish phrases
- Ej angiven men kan antas vara – not directly indicated in the protologue but presumably (taking the context into consideration)
- Ej kontrollerat – information not available (or not checked).
- Från Norge/Finland – From Norway/Finland.
- Parkfibbla – grass-seed alien, species exclusively found in parks with lawns including foreign species.
This checklist has been compiled as part of the project "The Hawkweeds of Sweden" for which the author has received financial support from The Swedish Taxonomy Initiative. It has been made available on Internet in collaboration with the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Phanerogamic Botany.